HOUSE BILL No. 4271

 

 

February 28, 2019, Introduced by Reps. Howell, Eisen, Hoitenga, Wozniak and Griffin and referred to the Committee on Education.

 

     A bill to amend 1976 PA 451, entitled

 

"The revised school code,"

 

by amending sections 1278a and 1278b (MCL 380.1278a and 380.1278b),

 

section 1278a as amended by 2018 PA 232 and section 1278b as

 

amended by 2018 PA 230.

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:

 

     Sec. 1278a. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section

 

or section 1278b, beginning with pupils entering grade 8 in 2006,

 

the board of a school district or board of directors of a public

 

school academy shall not award a high school diploma to a pupil

 

unless the pupil meets all of the following:

 

     (a) Has successfully completed all of the following credit

 

requirements of the Michigan merit standard before graduating from

 

high school:

 

     (i) At least 4 credits in mathematics that are aligned with


subject area content expectations developed by the department and

 

approved by the state board under section 1278b, including

 

completion of at least algebra I, geometry, and either algebra II,

 

or statistics, or a course in financial literacy as described in

 

section 1165, or an integrated sequence of this course content that

 

consists of 3 credits, and an additional mathematics credit, such

 

as trigonometry, statistics, precalculus, calculus, applied math,

 

accounting, business math, or a retake of algebra II. , or a course

 

in financial literacy as described in section 1165. A pupil may

 

complete algebra II over 2 years with 2 credits awarded or over 1.5

 

years with 1.5 credits awarded for the purposes of this section and

 

section 1278b. A pupil also may partially or fully fulfill the

 

algebra II requirement by completing a department-approved formal

 

career and technical education program or curriculum, such as a

 

program or curriculum in electronics, machining, construction,

 

welding, engineering, computer science, or renewable energy, and in

 

that program or curriculum successfully completing the same content

 

as the algebra II benchmarks assessed on the department-prescribed

 

state high school assessment, as determined by the department. The

 

department shall post on its website guidelines for implementation

 

of the immediately preceding sentence. Each pupil must successfully

 

complete at least 1 mathematics course during his or her final year

 

of high school enrollment. This subparagraph does not require

 

completion of mathematics courses in any particular sequence.

 

     (ii) At least 3 credits in social science that are aligned

 

with subject area content expectations developed by the department

 

and approved by the state board under section 1278b, including


completion of at least 1 credit in United States history and

 

geography, 1 credit in world history and geography, 1/2 credit in

 

economics, and the civics course described in section 1166(2). The

 

1/2-credit economics requirement may be satisfied by completion of

 

at least a 1/2-credit course in personal economics that includes a

 

financial literacy component as described in section 1165, if that

 

course covers the subject area content expectations for economics

 

developed by the department and approved by the state board under

 

section 1278b.

 

     (iii) At least 1 credit in subject matter that includes both

 

health and physical education aligned with guidelines developed by

 

the department and approved by the state board under section 1278b,

 

or at least 1/2 credit in health aligned with guidelines developed

 

by the department and approved by the state board under section

 

1278b and at least 1/2 credit awarded by the school district or

 

public school academy for approved participation in extracurricular

 

athletics or other extracurricular activities involving physical

 

activity.

 

     (iv) At least 1 credit in visual arts, performing arts, or

 

applied arts, as defined by the department, that is aligned with

 

guidelines developed by the department and approved by the state

 

board under section 1278b. A school district or public school

 

academy is strongly encouraged to offer visual arts and performing

 

arts courses.

 

     (v) The credit requirements specified in section 1278b(1).

 

     (b) Meets the online course or learning experience requirement

 

of this subsection. A school district or public school academy


shall provide the basic level of technology and internet access

 

required by the state board to complete the online course or

 

learning experience. For a pupil to meet this requirement, the

 

pupil shall meet either of the following, as determined by the

 

school district or public school academy:

 

     (i) Has successfully completed at least 1 course or learning

 

experience that is presented online, as defined by the department.

 

     (ii) The pupil's school district or public school academy has

 

integrated an online experience throughout the high school

 

curriculum by ensuring that each teacher of each course that

 

provides the required credits of the Michigan merit curriculum has

 

integrated an online experience into the course.

 

     (2) In addition to the requirements under subsection (1),

 

beginning with pupils entering grade 3 in 2006, the board of a

 

school district or board of directors of a public school academy

 

shall not award a high school diploma to a pupil unless the pupil

 

has successfully completed during grades K to 12 at least 2 credits

 

that are grade-appropriate in a language other than English or

 

course work or other learning experiences that are substantially

 

equivalent to 2 credits in a language other than English, based on

 

guidelines developed by the department. For pupils who graduate

 

from high school in 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022, 2023,

 

or 2024 only, a pupil may partially or fully fulfill 1 credit of

 

this requirement by completing a department-approved formal career

 

and technical education program or curriculum or by completing

 

visual or performing arts instruction that is in addition to the

 

requirements under subsection (1)(a)(iv). The board of a school


district or board of directors of a public school academy is

 

strongly encouraged to ensure that all pupils complete at least 1

 

credit in a language other than English in grades K to 6. For the

 

purposes of this subsection, all of the following apply:

 

     (a) American sign language Sign Language is considered to be a

 

language other than English.

 

     (b) The pupil may meet all or part of this requirement with

 

online course work.

 

     (c) Not later than September 1, 2018, and not later than

 

September 1 of each subsequent school year, a school district or

 

public school academy shall report to the department both of the

 

following, in a form and manner prescribed by the department:

 

     (i) The number of pupils who partially or fully fulfilled 1

 

credit in a language other than English by completing a department-

 

approved formal career and technical education program or

 

curriculum under this subsection in the immediately preceding

 

school year.

 

     (ii) The number of pupils who partially or fully fulfilled 1

 

credit in a language other than English by completing visual or

 

performing arts instruction that is in addition to the requirements

 

under subsection (1)(a)(iv) under this subsection in the

 

immediately preceding school year.

 

     (3) The requirements under this section and section 1278b for

 

a high school diploma are in addition to any local requirements

 

imposed by the board of a school district or board of directors of

 

a public school academy. The board of a school district or board of

 

directors of a public school academy, as a local requirement for a


high school diploma, may require a pupil to complete the Michigan

 

merit examination under section 1279g or may require a pupil to

 

participate in the MIAccess assessments if appropriate for the

 

pupil.

 

     (4) For the purposes of this section and section 1278b, all of

 

the following apply:

 

     (a) A pupil is considered to have completed a credit if the

 

pupil successfully completes the subject area content expectations

 

or guidelines developed by the department that apply to the credit.

 

For a career and technical education credit, a school district or

 

public school academy may supplement those content expectations and

 

guidelines with additional guidelines developed by the school

 

district or public school academy.

 

     (b) A school district or public school academy shall base its

 

determination of whether a pupil has successfully completed the

 

subject area content expectations or guidelines developed by the

 

department that apply to a credit at least in part on the pupil's

 

performance on the assessments developed or selected by the

 

department under section 1278b or on 1 or more assessments

 

developed or selected by the school district or public school

 

academy that measure a pupil's understanding of the subject area

 

content expectations or guidelines that apply to the credit.

 

     (c) A school district or public school academy shall also

 

grant a pupil a credit if the pupil earns a qualifying score, as

 

determined by the department, on the assessments developed or

 

selected for the subject area by the department under section 1278b

 

or the pupil earns a qualifying score, as determined by the school


district or public school academy, on 1 or more assessments

 

developed or selected by the school district or public school

 

academy that measure a pupil's understanding of the subject area

 

content expectations or guidelines that apply to the credit.

 

     (5) If a high school is designated by the superintendent of

 

public instruction as a specialty school and the high school meets

 

the requirements of subsection (6), then the pupils of the high

 

school are not required to successfully complete the 4 credits in

 

English language arts required under section 1278b(1)(a) or the 3

 

credits in social science required under subsection (1)(a)(ii) and

 

the school district or public school academy is not required to

 

ensure that each pupil is offered the curriculum necessary for

 

meeting those English language arts or social science credit

 

requirements. The superintendent of public instruction may

 

designate up to 15 high schools that meet the requirements of this

 

subsection as specialty schools. Subject to this maximum number,

 

the superintendent of public instruction shall designate a high

 

school as a specialty school if the superintendent of public

 

instruction finds that the high school meets all of the following

 

criteria:

 

     (a) The high school incorporates a significant reading and

 

writing component throughout its curriculum.

 

     (b) The high school uses a specialized, innovative, and

 

rigorous curriculum in such areas as performing arts, foreign

 

language, extensive use of internships, or other learning

 

innovations that conform to pioneering innovations among other

 

leading national or international high schools.


     (6) A high school that is designated by the superintendent of

 

public instruction as a specialty school under subsection (5) is

 

only exempt from requirements as described under subsection (5) as

 

long as the superintendent of public instruction finds that the

 

high school continues to meet all of the following requirements:

 

     (a) The high school clearly states to prospective pupils and

 

their parents that it does not meet the requirements of the

 

Michigan merit standard under this section and section 1278b but is

 

a designated specialty school that is exempt from some of those

 

requirements and that a pupil who enrolls in the high school and

 

subsequently transfers to a high school that is not a specialty

 

school meeting the requirements of this subsection will be required

 

to comply with the requirements of the Michigan merit standard

 

under this section and section 1278b.

 

     (b) For the most recent year for which the data are available,

 

the mean scores on both the mathematics and science portions of the

 

ACT examination for the pupils of the high school exceed by at

 

least 10% the mean scores on the mathematics and science portions

 

of the ACT examination for the pupils of the school district in

 

which the greatest number of the pupils of the high school reside.

 

     (c) For the most recent year for which the data are available,

 

the high school had a graduation rate of at least 85%, as

 

determined by the department.

 

     (d) For the most recent year for which the data are available,

 

at least 75% of the pupils who graduated from the high school the

 

preceding year are enrolled in a postsecondary institution.

 

     (e) All pupils of the high school are required to meet the


mathematics credit requirements of subsection (1)(a)(i), with no

 

modification of these requirements under section 1278b(5), and each

 

pupil is offered the curriculum necessary to meet this requirement.

 

     (f) All pupils of the high school are required to meet the

 

science credit requirements of section 1278b(1)(b) and are also

 

required to successfully complete at least 1 additional science

 

credit, for a total of at least 4 science credits, with no

 

modification of these requirements under section 1278b(5), and each

 

pupil is offered the curriculum necessary to meet this requirement.

 

     Sec. 1278b. (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section

 

or section 1278a, beginning with pupils entering grade 8 in 2006,

 

as part of the requirements under section 1278a the board of a

 

school district or board of directors of a public school academy

 

shall not award a high school diploma to a pupil unless the pupil

 

has successfully completed all of the following credit requirements

 

of the Michigan merit standard before graduating from high school:

 

     (a) At least 4 credits in English language arts that are

 

aligned with subject area content expectations developed by the

 

department and approved by the state board under this section.

 

     (b) At least 3 credits in science that are aligned with

 

subject area content expectations developed by the department and

 

approved by the state board under this section, including

 

completion of at least biology and either chemistry, physics,

 

anatomy, or agricultural science, or successfully completing a

 

program or curriculum that provides the same content as the

 

chemistry or physics benchmarks, as determined by the department. A

 

student may fulfill the requirement for the third science credit by


completing a department-approved computer science program or

 

curriculum or formal career and technical education program or

 

curriculum. The legislature strongly encourages pupils to complete

 

a fourth credit in science, such as forensics, astronomy, Earth

 

science, agricultural science, environmental science, geology,

 

physics, chemistry, physiology, or microbiology.

 

     (c) The credit requirements specified in section

 

1278a(1)(a)(i) to (iv).

 

     (2) If a pupil successfully completes 1 or more of the high

 

school credits required under subsection (1) or under section

 

1278a(1) before entering high school, the pupil shall be given high

 

school credit for that credit.

 

     (3) For the purposes of this section and section 1278a, the

 

department shall do all of the following:

 

     (a) Develop subject area content expectations that apply to

 

the credit requirements of the Michigan merit standard that are

 

required under subsection (1)(a) and (b) and section 1278a(1)(a)(i)

 

and (ii) and develop guidelines for the remaining credit

 

requirements of the Michigan merit standard that are required under

 

this section and section 1278a(1)(a), for the online course or

 

learning experience required under section 1278a(1)(b), and for the

 

requirements for a language other than English under section

 

1278a(2). All of the following apply to these subject area content

 

expectations and guidelines:

 

     (i) All subject area content expectations shall must be

 

consistent with the state board recommended model core academic

 

curriculum content standards under section 1278. Subject area


content expectations or guidelines shall must not include

 

attitudes, beliefs, or value systems that are not essential in the

 

legal, economic, and social structure of our society and to the

 

personal and social responsibility of citizens of our society. The

 

subject area content expectations shall must require pupils to

 

demonstrate critical thinking skills.

 

     (ii) The subject area content expectations and the guidelines

 

must be approved by the state board under subsection (4).

 

     (iii) The subject area content expectations shall must state

 

in clear and measurable terms what pupils are expected to know upon

 

completion of each credit.

 

     (iv) The department shall complete the development of the

 

subject area content expectations that apply to algebra I and the

 

guidelines for the online course or learning experience under

 

section 1278a(1)(b) not later than August 1, 2006.

 

     (v) The department shall complete development of the subject

 

area content expectations or guidelines that apply to each of the

 

other credits required in the Michigan merit standard under

 

subsection (1) and section 1278a(1)(a) not later than 1 year before

 

the beginning of the school year in which a pupil entering high

 

school in 2007 would normally be expected to complete the credit.

 

     (vi) If the department has not completed development of the

 

subject area content expectations that apply to a particular credit

 

required in the Michigan merit standard under subsection (1) or

 

section 1278a(1)(a) by the date required under this subdivision, a

 

school district or public school academy may align the content of

 

the credit with locally adopted standards.


     (vii) Until all of the subject area content expectations and

 

guidelines have been developed by the department and approved by

 

the state board, the department shall submit a report at least

 

every 6 months to the senate and house standing committees

 

responsible for education legislation on the status of the

 

development of the subject area content expectations and

 

guidelines. The report shall must detail any failure by the

 

department to meet a deadline established under subparagraph (iv)

 

or (v) and the reasons for that failure.

 

     (b) Develop and implement a process for developing the subject

 

area content expectations and guidelines required under this

 

section. This process shall must provide for all of the following:

 

     (i) Soliciting input from all of the following groups:

 

     (A) Recognized experts in the relevant subject areas.

 

     (B) Representatives from 4-year colleges or universities,

 

community colleges, and other postsecondary institutions.

 

     (C) Teachers, administrators, and school personnel who have

 

specialized knowledge of the subject area.

 

     (D) Representatives from the business community.

 

     (E) Representatives from vocational and career and technical

 

education providers.

 

     (F) Government officials, including officials from the

 

legislature.

 

     (G) Parents of public school pupils.

 

     (ii) A review of the subject area content expectations or

 

guidelines by national experts.

 

     (iii) An opportunity for the public to review and provide


input on the proposed subject area content expectations or

 

guidelines before they are submitted to the state board for

 

approval. The time period allowed for this review and input shall

 

must be at least 15 business days.

 

     (c) Determine the basic level of technology and internet

 

access required for pupils to complete the online course or

 

learning experience requirement of section 1278a(1)(b), and submit

 

that determination to the state board for approval.

 

     (d) Develop and make available material to assist school

 

districts and public school academies in implementing the

 

requirements of this section and section 1278a. This shall must

 

include developing guidelines for alternative instructional

 

delivery methods as described in subsection (7).

 

     (4) The state board shall approve subject area content

 

expectations and guidelines developed by the department under

 

subsection (3) before those subject area content expectations and

 

guidelines may take effect. The state board also shall approve the

 

basic level of technology and internet access required for pupils

 

to complete the online course or learning experience requirement of

 

section 1278a(1)(b).

 

     (5) The parent or legal guardian of a pupil who has completed

 

grade 9, a teacher who is currently teaching the pupil, who

 

currently teaches in or whose expertise is in a subject area

 

proposed to be modified by the personal curriculum, or who is

 

determined by the principal to have qualifications otherwise

 

relevant to developing a personal curriculum, or a school counselor

 

or school employee qualified to act in a counseling role under


section 1233 or 1233a may request a personal curriculum under this

 

subsection for the pupil that modifies certain of the Michigan

 

merit standard requirements under subsection (1) or section

 

1278a(1)(a). If the request for a personal curriculum is made by

 

the pupil's parent or legal guardian or, if the pupil is at least

 

age 18 or is an emancipated minor, by the pupil, the school

 

district or public school academy shall develop a personal

 

curriculum for the pupil. A teacher, school counselor, or school

 

employee qualified to act in a counseling role under section 1233

 

or 1233a may contact a pupil's parent or legal guardian to discuss

 

the possibility and potential benefits of a personal curriculum

 

under this subsection for the pupil. If all of the requirements

 

under this subsection for completing a personal curriculum are met,

 

then the board of a school district or board of directors of a

 

public school academy may award a high school diploma to a pupil

 

who successfully completes his or her personal curriculum even if

 

it does not meet the requirements of the Michigan merit standard

 

required under subsection (1) and section 1278a(1)(a). All of the

 

following apply to a personal curriculum:

 

     (a) The personal curriculum shall must be developed by a group

 

that includes at least the pupil, at least 1 of the pupil's parents

 

or the pupil's legal guardian, and a teacher described in this

 

subdivision or the pupil's high school counselor or another

 

designee qualified to act in a counseling role under section 1233

 

or 1233a selected by the high school principal. In addition, for a

 

pupil who receives special education services, a school

 

psychologist should also be included in this group. The teacher


included in the group developing the personal curriculum shall be a

 

teacher who is currently teaching the pupil, who currently teaches

 

in or whose expertise is in a subject area being modified by the

 

personal curriculum, or who is determined by the principal to have

 

qualifications otherwise relevant to the group. This subdivision

 

does not require an in-person meeting of the group.

 

     (b) The personal curriculum shall must incorporate as much of

 

the subject area content expectations of the Michigan merit

 

standard required under subsection (1) and section 1278a(1)(a) as

 

is practicable for the pupil; shall must establish measurable goals

 

that the pupil must achieve while enrolled in high school and shall

 

must provide a method to evaluate whether the pupil achieved these

 

goals; and shall must be aligned with the pupil's educational

 

development plan developed under subsection (11).

 

     (c) Before it takes effect, the personal curriculum must be

 

agreed to by the pupil's parent or legal guardian and by the

 

superintendent of the school district or chief executive of the

 

public school academy or his or her designee.

 

     (d) The pupil's parent or legal guardian shall be in

 

communication with each of the pupil's teachers to monitor the

 

pupil's progress toward the goals contained in the pupil's personal

 

curriculum.

 

     (e) Revisions may be made in the personal curriculum if the

 

revisions are developed and agreed to in the same manner as the

 

original personal curriculum.

 

     (f) The English language arts credit requirements of

 

subsection (1)(a) and the science credit requirements of subsection


(1)(b) are not subject to modification as part of a personal

 

curriculum under this subsection.

 

     (g) The mathematics credit requirements of section

 

1278a(1)(a)(i) may be modified as part of a personal curriculum if

 

the pupil successfully completes at least 3-1/2 total credits of

 

the mathematics credits required under that section before

 

completing high school, including algebra I and geometry, and

 

successfully completes at least 1 mathematics credit during his or

 

her final 2 years of high school. The algebra II, statistics, or

 

financial literacy credit required under that section may be

 

modified as part of a personal curriculum under this subsection if

 

the pupil meets 1 or more of the following:

 

     (i) Successfully completes the same content as 1 semester of

 

algebra II, statistics, or a financial literacy course as described

 

in section 1165, as determined by the department.

 

     (ii) Elects to complete the same content as algebra II,

 

statistics, or a financial literacy course as described under

 

section 1165 over 2 years, with a credit awarded for each of those

 

2 years, and successfully completes that content.

 

     (iii) Enrolls in a formal career and technical education

 

program or curriculum and in that program or curriculum

 

successfully completes the same content as the algebra II,

 

statistics, or financial literacy benchmarks assessed on the

 

department-prescribed state high school assessment, if applicable,

 

as determined by the department.

 

     (iv) Successfully completes 1 semester of statistics,

 

functions and data analysis, or technical mathematics.


     (h) The social science credit requirements of section

 

1278a(1)(a)(ii) may be modified as part of a personal curriculum

 

only if all of the following are met:

 

     (i) The pupil has successfully completed 2 credits of the

 

social science credits required under section 1278a(1), including

 

the civics course described in section 1166(2).

 

     (ii) The modification requires the pupil to complete 1

 

additional credit in English language arts, mathematics, or science

 

or 1 additional credit in a language other than English, or

 

requires the pupil to complete a formal career and technical

 

education program. This additional credit must be in addition to

 

the number of those credits otherwise required under subsection (1)

 

and section 1278a(1) or under section 1278a(2).

 

     (i) The health and physical education credit requirement under

 

section 1278a(1)(a)(iii) may be modified as part of a personal

 

curriculum only if the modification requires the pupil to complete

 

1 additional credit in English language arts, mathematics, or

 

science or 1 additional credit in a language other than English, or

 

requires the pupil to complete a formal career and technical

 

education program. This additional credit must be in addition to

 

the number of those credits otherwise required under subsection (1)

 

and section 1278a(1) or under section 1278a(2).

 

     (j) The visual arts, performing arts, or applied arts credit

 

requirement under section 1278a(1)(a)(iv) may be modified as part

 

of a personal curriculum only if the modification requires the

 

pupil to complete 1 additional credit in English language arts,

 

mathematics, or science or 1 additional credit in a language other


than English, or requires the pupil to complete a formal career and

 

technical education program. This additional credit must be in

 

addition to the number of those credits otherwise required under

 

subsection (1) and section 1278a(1) or under section 1278a(2).

 

     (k) If the parent or legal guardian of a pupil requests as

 

part of the pupil's personal curriculum a modification of the

 

Michigan merit standard requirements that would not otherwise be

 

allowed under this section and demonstrates that the modification

 

is necessary because the pupil is a child with a disability, the

 

school district or public school academy may allow that additional

 

modification to the extent necessary because of the pupil's

 

disability if the group under subdivision (a) determines that the

 

modification is consistent with both the pupil's educational

 

development plan under subsection (11) and the pupil's

 

individualized education program. If the superintendent of public

 

instruction has reason to believe that a school district or a

 

public school academy is allowing modifications inconsistent with

 

the requirements of this subdivision, the superintendent of public

 

instruction shall monitor the school district or public school

 

academy to ensure that the school district's or public school

 

academy's policies, procedures, and practices are in compliance

 

with the requirements for additional modifications under this

 

subdivision. As used in this subdivision, "child with a disability"

 

means that term as defined in 20 USC 1401.

 

     (l) If a pupil transfers to a school district or public school

 

academy from out of state or from a nonpublic school, the pupil's

 

parent or legal guardian may request, as part of the pupil's


personal curriculum, a modification of the Michigan merit standard

 

requirements that would not otherwise be allowed under this

 

section. The school district or public school academy may allow

 

this additional modification for a transfer pupil if all of the

 

following are met:

 

     (i) The transfer pupil has successfully completed at least the

 

equivalent of 2 years of high school credit out of state or at a

 

nonpublic school. The school district or public school academy may

 

use appropriate assessment examinations to determine what credits,

 

if any, the pupil has earned out of state or at a nonpublic school

 

that may be used to satisfy the curricular requirements of the

 

Michigan merit standard and this subdivision.

 

     (ii) The transfer pupil's personal curriculum incorporates as

 

much of the subject area content expectations of the Michigan merit

 

standard as is practicable for the pupil.

 

     (iii) The transfer pupil's personal curriculum requires the

 

pupil to successfully complete at least 1 mathematics course during

 

his or her final year of high school enrollment. In addition, if

 

the transfer pupil is enrolled in the school district or public

 

school academy for at least 1 full school year, both of the

 

following apply:

 

     (A) The transfer pupil's personal curriculum shall must

 

require that this mathematics course is at least algebra I.

 

     (B) If the transfer pupil demonstrates that he or she has

 

mastered the content of algebra I, the transfer pupil's personal

 

curriculum shall must require that this mathematics course is a

 

course normally taken after completing algebra I.


     (iv) The transfer pupil's personal curriculum includes the

 

civics course described in section 1166(2).

 

     (m) If a pupil is at least age 18 or is an emancipated minor,

 

the pupil may act on his or her own behalf under this subsection.

 

     (n) This subsection does not apply to a pupil enrolled in a

 

high school that is designated as a specialty school under section

 

1278a(5) and that is exempt under that section from the English

 

language arts requirement under subsection (1)(a) and the social

 

science credit requirement under section 1278a(1)(a)(ii).

 

     (o) The department or a school district or public school

 

academy shall not limit or discourage the number of pupils with a

 

personal curriculum on any basis other than the best interests of

 

each individual pupil.

 

     (p) A school district or public school academy annually shall

 

notify each of its pupils and a parent or legal guardian of each of

 

its pupils that all pupils are entitled to a personal curriculum

 

under this subsection. The annual notice shall must include an

 

explanation of what a personal curriculum is and state that if a

 

personal curriculum is requested, the public school or public

 

school academy will grant that request. The school district or

 

public school academy shall provide this annual notice to parents

 

and legal guardians by sending a written notice to each pupil's

 

home or by including the notice in a newsletter, student handbook,

 

or similar communication that is sent to a pupil's home, and also

 

shall post the notice on the school district's or public school

 

academy's website.

 

     (6) If a pupil receives special education services, the


pupil's individualized education program, in accordance with the

 

individuals with disabilities education act, title VI of Public Law

 

91-230, shall must identify the appropriate course or courses of

 

study and identify the supports, accommodations, and modifications

 

necessary to allow the pupil to progress in the curricular

 

requirements of this section and section 1278a, or in a personal

 

curriculum as provided under subsection (5), and meet the

 

requirements for a high school diploma.

 

     (7) The board of a school district or board of directors of a

 

public school academy that operates a high school shall ensure that

 

each pupil is offered the curriculum necessary for the pupil to

 

meet the curricular requirements of this section and section 1278a.

 

The board or board of directors may provide this curriculum by

 

providing the credits specified in this section and section 1278a,

 

by using alternative instructional delivery methods such as

 

alternative course work, humanities course sequences, career and

 

technical education, industrial technology courses, or vocational

 

education, or by a combination of these. School districts and

 

public school academies that operate career and technical education

 

programs are encouraged to integrate the credit requirements of

 

this section and section 1278a into those programs.

 

     (8) If the board of a school district or board of directors of

 

a public school academy wants its high school to be accredited

 

under section 1280, the board or board of directors shall ensure

 

that all elements of the curriculum required under this section and

 

section 1278a are made available to all affected pupils. If a

 

school district or public school academy does not offer all of the


required credits, the board of the school district or board of

 

directors of the public school academy shall ensure that the pupil

 

has access to the required credits by another means, such as

 

enrollment in a postsecondary course under the postsecondary

 

enrollment options act, 1996 PA 160, MCL 388.511 to 388.524;

 

enrollment in an online course; a cooperative arrangement with a

 

neighboring school district or with a public school academy; or

 

granting approval under section 6(6) of the state school aid act of

 

1979, MCL 388.1606, for the pupil to be counted in membership in

 

another school district.

 

     (9) If a pupil is not successfully completing a credit

 

required for graduation under this section and section 1278a, or is

 

identified as being at risk of withdrawing from high school, then

 

the pupil's school district or public school academy shall notify

 

the pupil's parent or legal guardian or, if the pupil is at least

 

age 18 or is an emancipated minor, the pupil, of the availability

 

of tutoring or other supplemental educational support and

 

counseling services that may be available to the pupil under

 

existing state or federal programs, such as those programs or

 

services available under section 31a of the state school aid act of

 

1979, MCL 388.1631a, or under the no child left behind act of 2001,

 

Public Law 107-110 or the every student succeeds act, Public Law

 

114-95.

 

     (10) To the extent required by the no child left behind act of

 

2001, Public Law 107-110 or the every student succeeds act, Public

 

Law 114-95, the board of a school district or public school academy

 

shall ensure that all components of the curricular requirements


under this section and section 1278a are taught by highly qualified

 

teachers. If a school district or public school academy

 

demonstrates to the department that the school district or public

 

school academy is unable to meet the requirements of this section

 

because the school district or public school academy is unable to

 

hire enough highly qualified teachers, the department shall work

 

with the school district or public school academy to develop a plan

 

to allow the school district or public school academy to hire

 

enough highly qualified teachers to meet the requirements of this

 

section.

 

     (11) The board of a school district or board of directors of a

 

public school academy shall provide the opportunity for each pupil

 

to develop an educational development plan during grade 7, and

 

shall ensure that each pupil reviews his or her educational

 

development plan during grade 8 and revises it as appropriate

 

before he or she begins high school. The board of a school district

 

or board of directors of a public school academy shall also ensure

 

that each pupil reviews and revises his or her educational

 

development plan as appropriate during each year of high school. An

 

educational development plan shall must be developed, reviewed, and

 

revised by the pupil under the supervision of the pupil's school

 

counselor or another designee qualified to act in a counseling role

 

under section 1233 or 1233a selected by the school principal and

 

shall must be based on high school readiness scores and a career

 

pathways program or similar career exploration program. An

 

educational development plan shall must be designed to assist

 

pupils to identify career development goals as they relate to


academic requirements. During the process of developing and

 

reviewing a pupil's educational development plan, the pupil shall

 

be advised that many of the curricular requirements of this section

 

and section 1278a may be fulfilled through career and technical

 

education. In addition, during the process of developing and

 

reviewing an educational development plan, the pupil shall be

 

provided with all of the following:

 

     (a) Information on various types of careers and current and

 

projected job openings in this state and those jobs' actual and

 

projected wages.

 

     (b) An opportunity to explore careers specific to a pupil's

 

interests and identify career pathways and goals for achieving

 

success in those careers, including, but not limited to, the level

 

and type of educational preparation necessary to accomplish those

 

goals.

 

     (c) An opportunity to develop a talent portfolio. A talent

 

portfolio shall must be developed and revised throughout the

 

implementation of a pupil's educational development plan. A talent

 

portfolio shall must include, but is not limited to, a record of

 

the pupil's experiences, proficiencies, certifications, or

 

accomplishments that demonstrate talents or marketable skills. The

 

department, in conjunction with the department of talent and

 

economic development, shall develop and make available to the

 

public schools model information materials that districts or public

 

school academies may use to comply with this subdivision.

 

     (12) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, if a

 

school district or public school academy is unable to implement all


of the curricular requirements of this section and section 1278a

 

for pupils entering grade 9 in 2007 or is unable to implement

 

another requirement of this section or section 1278a, the school

 

district or public school academy may apply to the department for

 

permission to phase in 1 or more of the requirements of this

 

section or section 1278a. To apply, the school district or public

 

school academy shall submit a proposed phase-in plan to the

 

department. The department shall approve a phase-in plan if the

 

department determines that the plan will result in the school

 

district or public school academy making satisfactory progress

 

toward full implementation of the requirements of this section and

 

section 1278a. If the department disapproves a proposed phase-in

 

plan, the department shall work with the school district or public

 

school academy to develop a satisfactory plan that may be approved.

 

However, if legislation is enacted that adds section 1290 to allow

 

school districts and public school academies to apply for a

 

contract that waives certain state or federal requirements, then

 

this subsection does not apply but a school district or public

 

school academy may take action as described in subsection (13).

 

This subsection does not apply to a high school that is designated

 

as a specialty school under section 1278a(5) and that is exempt

 

under that section from the English language arts requirement under

 

subsection (1)(a) and the social science credit requirement under

 

section 1278a(1)(a)(ii).

 

     (13) If a school district or public school academy does not

 

offer all of the required credits or provide options to have access

 

to the required credits as provided under subsection (8) and if


legislation is enacted that adds section 1290 to allow school

 

districts and public school academies to apply for a contract that

 

waives certain state or federal requirements, then the school

 

district or public school academy is encouraged to apply for a

 

contract under section 1290. The purpose of a contract described in

 

this subsection is to improve pupil performance.

 

     (13) (14) This section and section 1278a do not prohibit a

 

pupil from satisfying or exceeding the credit requirements of the

 

Michigan merit standard under this section and section 1278a

 

through advanced studies such as accelerated course placement,

 

advanced placement, dual enrollment in a postsecondary institution,

 

or participation in the international baccalaureate program or an

 

early college/middle college program.

 

     (14) (15) Not later than April 1 of each year, the department

 

shall submit an annual report to the legislature that evaluates the

 

overall success of the curriculum required under this section and

 

section 1278a, the rigor and relevance of the course work required

 

by the curriculum, the ability of public schools to implement the

 

curriculum and the required course work, and the impact of the

 

curriculum on pupil success, and that details any activities the

 

department has undertaken to implement this section and section

 

1278a or to assist public schools in implementing the requirements

 

of this section and section 1278a.

 

     Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect 90 days

 

after the date it is enacted into law.