Act No. 98
Public Acts of 2019
Approved by the Governor
October 31, 2019
Filed with the Secretary of State
October 31, 2019
EFFECTIVE DATE: October 1, 2021
state of michigan
Regular session of 2019
Introduced by Reps. Hauck, LaGrand, Neeley, Rendon, Filler, Wozniak, Calley, Guerra, Elder, Love and Brann
ENROLLED HOUSE BILL No. 4133
AN ACT to amend 1939 PA 288, entitled “An act to revise and consolidate the statutes relating to certain aspects of the family division of circuit court, to the jurisdiction, powers, and duties of the family division of circuit court and its judges and other officers, to the change of name of adults and children, and to the adoption of adults and children; to prescribe certain jurisdiction, powers, and duties of the family division of circuit court and its judges and other officers; to prescribe the manner and time within which certain actions and proceedings may be brought in the family division of the circuit court; to prescribe pleading, evidence, practice, and procedure in certain actions and proceedings in the family division of circuit court; to provide for appeals from certain actions in the family division of circuit court; to prescribe the powers and duties of certain state departments, agencies, and officers; to provide for certain immunity from liability; and to provide remedies and penalties,” by amending section 11 of chapter XIIA (MCL 712A.11), as amended by 2016 PA 185.
The People of the State of Michigan enact:
Sec. 11. (1) Except as provided in subsection (2), if a person gives information to the court that a juvenile is within section 2(a)(2) to (4), (b), (c), or (d) of this chapter, a preliminary inquiry may be made to determine whether the interests of the public or the juvenile require that further action be taken. If the court determines that formal jurisdiction should be acquired, the court shall authorize a petition to be filed. The court may proceed on the consent calendar under section 2f of this chapter if at any time before disposition the court determines that a case should not proceed on the formal calendar but that the protective and supportive action by the court will serve the best interests of the juvenile and the public.
(2) Only the prosecuting attorney may file a petition requesting the court to take jurisdiction of a juvenile allegedly within section 2(a)(1) of this chapter. If the prosecuting attorney submits a petition requesting the court to take jurisdiction of a juvenile allegedly within section 2(a)(1) of this chapter and the court determines that formal jurisdiction should be acquired, the court shall authorize a petition to be filed.
(3) The petition described in subsections (1) and (2) shall be verified and may be upon information and belief. The petition shall set forth plainly the facts that bring the juvenile within this chapter and shall contain all of the following information:
(a) The juvenile’s name, birth date, and address.
(b) The name and address of the juvenile’s parents.
(c) The name and address of the juvenile’s legal
guardian, if there is a legal guardian.
(d) The name and address of each person having custody or control of the juvenile.
(e) The name and address of the juvenile’s nearest known relative, if no parent or legal guardian can be found.
(4) If any of the facts required under subsection (3) are not known to the petitioner, the petition shall state that the facts are not known. If the juvenile attains his or her eighteenth birthday after the filing of the petition, the court’s jurisdiction shall continue beyond the juvenile’s eighteenth birthday and the court may hear and dispose of the petition under this chapter.
(5) When a petition is authorized, the court shall examine the court file to determine if a juvenile has had his or her biometric data collected as required under section 3 of 1925 PA 289, MCL 28.243. If a juvenile’s biometric data has not been collected, the court shall do either of the following:
(a) Order the juvenile to submit himself or herself to the police agency that arrested or obtained the warrant for the arrest of the juvenile so the juvenile’s biometric data can be collected.
(b) Order the juvenile committed to the custody of the sheriff for the collection of the juvenile’s biometric data.
(6) A petition or other court record may be amended at any stage of the proceedings as the ends of justice require.
(7) If the juvenile diversion act, 1988 PA 13, MCL 722.821 to 722.831, is complied with and the court determines that court services can be used in the prevention of delinquency without formal jurisdiction, the court may offer court services to a juvenile without a petition being authorized as provided in section 2(e) of this chapter.
Enacting section 1. This amendatory act takes effect October 1, 2021.
Clerk of the House of Representatives
Secretary of the Senate