SB-0061, As Passed Senate, April 18, 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SENATE BILL No. 61

 

 

January 24, 2019, Introduced by Senator VICTORY and referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.

 

 

 

     A bill to amend 1949 PA 300, entitled

 

"Michigan vehicle code,"

 

by amending section 627 (MCL 257.627), as amended by 2016 PA 445.

 

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF MICHIGAN ENACT:

 

     Sec. 627. (1) A person operating a vehicle on a highway shall

 

operate that vehicle at a careful and prudent speed not greater

 

than nor less than is reasonable and proper, having due regard to

 

the traffic, surface, and width of the highway and of any other

 

condition existing at the time. A person shall not operate a

 

vehicle upon a highway at a speed greater than that which will

 

permit a stop within the assured, clear distance ahead. A violation

 

of this subsection shall be known and may be referred to as a

 

violation of the basic speed law or "VBSL".

 

     (2) Except as provided in subsection (1), it is lawful for the

 

operator of a vehicle to operate that vehicle on a highway at a


speed not exceeding the following:

 

     (a) 15 miles per hour on a highway segment within the

 

boundaries of a mobile home park, as that term is defined in

 

section 2 of the mobile home commission act, 1987 PA 96, MCL

 

125.2302.

 

     (b) 25 miles per hour on a highway segment within a business

 

district.

 

     (c) 25 miles per hour on a highway segment within the

 

boundaries of a public park. A local authority may decrease the

 

speed limit to not less than 15 miles per hour in a public park

 

under its jurisdiction.

 

     (d) 25 miles per hour on a highway segment within the

 

boundaries of a residential subdivision, including a condominium

 

subdivision, consisting of a system of interconnected highways with

 

no through highways and a limited number of dedicated highways that

 

serve as entrances to and exits from the subdivision.

 

     (e) Until January 1, 2024, 25 miles per hour on a highway

 

segment that is part of the local street system as designated by a

 

local jurisdiction and approved by the state transportation

 

commission under 1951 PA 51, MCL 247.651 to 247.675, and that is

 

within land that is zoned for residential use by the governing body

 

of an incorporated city or village under the Michigan zoning

 

enabling act, 2006 PA 110, MCL 125.3101 to 125.3702, unless another

 

speed is fixed and posted. The department of state police shall

 

perform a speed study on a random sample of local streets set under

 

this subdivision. No later than January 1, 2023, the department of

 

state police shall submit a report on the speed study required


under this subdivision to the senate majority leader, the speaker

 

of the house of representatives, and the governor.

 

     (f) (e) 25 miles per hour on a highway segment with 60 or more

 

vehicular access points within 1/2 mile.

 

     (g) (f) 30 miles per hour on a highway segment with not less

 

than 50 vehicular access points but no more than 59 vehicular

 

access points within 1/2 mile.

 

     (h) (g) 35 miles per hour on a highway segment with not less

 

than 45 vehicular access points but no more than 49 vehicular

 

access points within 1/2 mile.

 

     (i) (h) 40 miles per hour on a highway segment with not less

 

than 40 vehicular access points but no more than 44 vehicular

 

access points within 1/2 mile.

 

     (j) (i) 45 miles per hour on a highway segment with not less

 

than 30 vehicular access points but no more than 39 vehicular

 

access points within 1/2 mile.

 

     (3) A person operating a truck with a gross weight of 10,000

 

pounds or more, a truck-tractor, a truck-tractor with a semi-

 

trailer or trailer, or a combination of these vehicles shall not

 

exceed a speed of 35 miles per hour during the period when reduced

 

loadings are being enforced in accordance with this chapter.

 

     (4) Where the posted speed limit is greater than 65 miles per

 

hour, a person operating a school bus, a truck with a gross weight

 

of 10,000 pounds or more, a truck-tractor, or a truck-tractor with

 

a semi-trailer or trailer or a combination of these vehicles shall

 

not exceed a speed of 65 miles per hour on a limited access freeway

 

or a state trunk line highway.


     (5) All of the following apply to the speed limits described

 

in subsection (2):

 

     (a) A highway segment adjacent to or lying between 2 or more

 

areas described in subsection (2)(a), (b), (c), or (d) shall not be

 

considered to be within the boundaries of those areas.

 

     (b) A highway segment of more than 1/2 mile in length with a

 

consistent density of vehicular access points equal to the number

 

of vehicular access points described in subsection (2)(e), (f),

 

(2)(f), (g), (h), or (i), or (j) shall be posted at the speed limit

 

specified in the adjoining segment. A separate determination shall

 

be made for each adjoining highway segment where vehicular access

 

point density is different.

 

     (c) A speed limit may be posted on highways less than 1/2 mile

 

in length by prorating in 1/10 mile segments the vehicular access

 

point density described in subsection (2)(e), (f), (2)(f), (g),

 

(h), or (i), or (j).

 

     (6) A person operating a vehicle on a highway, when entering

 

and passing through a work zone described in section 79d(a) where a

 

normal lane or part of the lane of traffic has been closed due to

 

highway construction, maintenance, or surveying activities, shall

 

not exceed a speed of 45 miles per hour unless a different speed

 

limit is determined for that work zone by the state transportation

 

department, a county road commission, or a local authority, based

 

on accepted engineering practice. The state transportation

 

department, a county road commission, or a local authority shall

 

post speed limit signs in each work zone described in section

 

79d(a) that indicate the speed limit in that work zone and shall


identify that work zone with any other traffic control devices

 

necessary to conform to the Michigan manual of uniform traffic

 

control devices. A person shall not exceed a speed limit

 

established under this section or a speed limit established under

 

section 628.

 

     (7) The state transportation department, a county road

 

commission, or a local authority shall decrease the speed limit in

 

a hospital highway zone by up to 10 miles per hour upon request of

 

a hospital located within that hospital highway zone. The state

 

transportation department, county road commission, or local

 

authority may decrease the speed limit in a hospital highway zone

 

by more than 10 miles per hour if the decrease is supported by an

 

engineering and safety study. The state transportation department,

 

county road commission, or local authority shall post speed limit

 

signs in a hospital highway zone that indicate the speed limit in

 

that hospital highway zone and shall identify that hospital highway

 

zone with any other traffic control devices necessary to conform to

 

the Michigan manual of uniform traffic control devices. If a change

 

in a sign, signal, or device, is necessitated by a speed limit

 

decrease described in this subsection, the hospital requesting the

 

decrease shall pay the cost of doing so. As used in this

 

subsection, "hospital highway zone" means a portion of state trunk

 

line highway maintained by the state transportation department that

 

has a posted speed limit of at least 50 miles per hour and has 2 or

 

fewer lanes for travel in the same direction, traverses along

 

property owned by a hospital, contains an ingress and egress point

 

from hospital property, and extends not more than 1,000 feet beyond


the boundary lines of hospital property in both directions in a

 

municipality.

 

     (8) Subject to subsection (17), the maximum speed limit on all

 

limited access freeways upon which a speed limit is not otherwise

 

fixed under this act is 70 miles per hour, which shall be known as

 

the "limited access freeway general speed limit". The minimum speed

 

limit on all limited access freeways upon which a minimum speed

 

limit is not otherwise fixed under this act is 55 miles per hour.

 

     (9) Subject to subsection (17), the speed limit on all trunk

 

line highways and all county highways upon which a speed limit is

 

not otherwise fixed under this act is 55 miles per hour, which

 

shall be known as the "general speed limit".

 

     (10) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the

 

speed limit on all county highways with a gravel or unimproved

 

surface upon which a speed limit is not otherwise fixed under this

 

act is 55 miles per hour, which shall be known as the "general

 

gravel road speed limit". Upon request of a municipality located

 

within a county with a population of 1,000,000 or more, the county

 

road commission, in conjunction with the requesting municipality,

 

may lower the speed limit to 45 miles per hour on the requested

 

road segment and if a sign, signal, or device is erected or

 

maintained, taken down, or regulated as a result of a request by a

 

municipality for a speed limit of 45 miles per hour, the

 

municipality shall pay the costs of doing so. If a municipality

 

located within a county with a population of 1,000,000 or more

 

requests a speed different than the speed described in this

 

subsection, the county road commission, in conjunction with the


department of state police and the requesting municipality, may

 

conduct a speed study of free-flow traffic on the fastest portion

 

of the road segment in question for the purpose of establishing a

 

modified speed limit. A speed study conducted under this subsection

 

shall be completed between 3 and 14 days after a full gravel road

 

maintenance protocol has been performed on the road segment. A full

 

gravel road maintenance protocol described in this subsection shall

 

include road grading and the application of a dust abatement

 

chemical treatment. Following a speed study conducted under this

 

subsection, the speed limit for the road segment shall be

 

established at the nearest multiple of 5 miles per hour to the

 

eighty-fifth percentile of speed of free-flow traffic under ideal

 

conditions for vehicular traffic, and shall not be set below the

 

fiftieth percentile speed of free-flow traffic under ideal

 

conditions for vehicular traffic. A speed study conducted under

 

this subsection shall be the responsibility of the department of

 

state police, and if a sign, signal, or device is erected or

 

maintained, taken down, or regulated as a result of a request by a

 

municipality under this subsection, the municipality shall pay the

 

costs of doing so.

 

     (11) A public record of all traffic control orders

 

establishing statutory speed limits authorized under this section

 

shall be filed with the office of the clerk of the county in which

 

the county highway is located or at the office of the city or

 

village clerk or administrative office of the airport, college, or

 

university in which the local highway is located, and a certified

 

copy of the traffic control order shall be evidence in every court


of this state of the authority for the issuance of that traffic

 

control order. The public record filed with the county, city, or

 

village clerk or administrative office of the airport, college, or

 

university shall not be required as evidence of authority for

 

issuing a traffic control order in the case of signs temporarily

 

erected or placed at points where construction, maintenance, or

 

surveying activities is in progress. A traffic and engineering

 

investigation is not required for a traffic control order for a

 

speed limit established under subsection (2). A traffic control

 

order shall, at a minimum, contain all of the following

 

information:

 

     (a) The name of the road.

 

     (b) The boundaries of the segment of the road on which the

 

speed limit is in effect.

 

     (c) The basis upon which the speed limit is in effect.

 

     (d) The section of law, including a reference to the

 

subsection, under which the speed limit is established.

 

     (12) Except for speed limits described in subsections (1),

 

(2)(d), (2)(e), and (9), speed limits established under this

 

section are not valid unless properly posted. In the absence of a

 

properly posted sign, the speed limit in effect is the basic speed

 

law described in subsection (1). Speed limits established under

 

subsection (2)(b), (e), (f), (g), (h), and (i), and (j) are not

 

valid unless a traffic control order is filed as described in

 

subsection (11).

 

     (13) Nothing in this section prevents the establishment of a

 

modified speed limit after a speed study as described in section


628. A modified speed limit established under section 628

 

supersedes a speed limit established under this section.

 

     (14) All signs erected or placed under this section shall

 

conform to the Michigan manual on uniform traffic control devices.

 

     (15) If upon investigation the state transportation department

 

or county road commission and the department of state police

 

determine that it is in the interest of public safety, they may

 

order city, village, airport, college, university, and township

 

officials to erect and maintain, take down, or regulate speed limit

 

signs, signals, and devices as directed. In default of an order,

 

the state transportation department or county road commission may

 

cause designated signs, signals, and devices to be erected and

 

maintained, removed, or regulated in the manner previously directed

 

and pay the costs for doing so out of the designated highway fund.

 

An investigation, including a speed study, conducted under this

 

subsection shall be the responsibility of the department of state

 

police.

 

     (16) A person who violates a speed limit established under

 

this section is responsible for a civil infraction.

 

     (17) No later than 1 year after the effective date of the

 

amendatory act that added this subsection, January 5, 2018, the

 

state transportation department and the department of state police

 

shall increase the speed limits on at least 600 miles of limited

 

access freeway to 75 miles per hour if an engineering and safety

 

study and the eighty-fifth percentile speed of free-flowing traffic

 

under ideal conditions of that section contain findings that the

 

speed limit may be raised to that speed, and the department shall


increase the speed limit of 900 miles of trunk line highway to 65

 

miles per hour if an engineering and safety study and the eighty-

 

fifth percentile speed of free-flowing traffic under ideal

 

conditions of that section contain findings that the speed limit

 

may be raised to that speed.

 

     (18) As used in this section:

 

     (a) "Traffic control order" means a document filed with the

 

proper authority that establishes the legal and enforceable speed

 

limit for the highway segment described in the document.

 

     (b) "Vehicular access point" means a driveway or intersecting

 

roadway.